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Gum disease is a serious problem that affects nearly 47 percent of Americans who are over 30 years of age. There are two distinct levels of gum disease, and they each have their own symptoms, complications and treatment options.

The earliest form of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Initial symptoms include red and inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing. This could also include issues with chronic bad breath.

Ignoring symptoms of gingivitis allows the condition to advance unchecked and untreated. This inevitably leads to the more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This degree of infection and inflammation deep in the gum tissues causes your gums to pull back from the base of your teeth. As a result, infection forms deep within the gum tissues. In time, the disease can even deteriorate the bones that anchor your teeth.

The systemic inflammation can have a long-term negative effect on your immune system. Continuing research has found that this disease can be linked to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and respiratory disease. While periodontitis does not cause these conditions, it does have a relationship with them and it can lead to serious complications.

If you are concerned that you might be developing gum disease in Greenville, South Carolina, you should call Fine Periodontics at 864-299-5900 to explore your treatment options. Your dentist, Dr. Norman B. Fine, is here to help you.