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Gum disease is a general term used to describe the inflammation or infection of the gum tissues. The American Dental Association estimates that up to 47 percent of adults over the age of 30 struggle with some form of periodontal disease. The primary cause is hardened tartar at the gumline; however, tobacco use and certain medical conditions, like diabetes, can serve as increased risk factors.

Poor oral hygiene allows gingivitis to develop in the gums. This often includes symptoms like red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as problems with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with your dentist, Dr. Norman B. Fine, to get a better understanding of your treatment options.

It’s important to treat gingivitis before it can develop into the most dangerous form of periodontal disease, known as periodontitis.

This level of infection in the gum tissues can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This enables pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even cause the loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.

The systemic inflammation resulting from chronic gum disease can also impact your immune system. New and continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. You should note that while periodontal disease cannot not cause these conditions, it does seem to have some level of impact or it can limit your treatment options.

If you are concerned that you have developed gum disease in Greenville, South Carolina, you should call 864-299-5900 to schedule an appointment at Fine Periodontics.